COLD WAR MIA'S AND KIA'S

The majority of the 382 deaths caused by hostile acts occurred during the early period of the Cold War, 9 May 1945 to 25 April 1962. There were an unknown total of wounded military personnel by hostile forces.

President John F. Kennedy signed Executive Order 11016, Authorizing Award Of The Purple Heart, dated 25 April 1962. It identifies circumstances that authorized the award of the Purple Heart without a formal declaration of war; and President Ronald W. Reagan followed by signing Executive Order 12464, Award Of The Purple Heart, dated February 1984. A number of circumstances were retroactive from March 28, 1973, including while serving outside the territory of the United States as part of a peacekeeping force, and as a result of an international terrorist attack.  Because of the two Executive Orders, members of the Armed Forces were recognized after 25 April 1962 for their ultimate sacrifice, and wounds. While others who met their fate or were wounded were not recognized during the early part of the Cold War because there was no official "enemy" other than during the Korean War. 
. References: AR 600-45, dated 22 September 1943; 3 May 1944; 27 June 1950; and AR 672-5-1, dated 20 July 1956; therefore

We  support an Executive Order to authorize award of the Purple Heart Medal to those service members that died or were wounded as the result of an act of any hostile foreign force between the dates of 9 May 1945 to 25 April 1962 inclusive and urge President Bush to sign  an Executive Order containing similar contents as the two identified, to be effective during the early period of the Cold War.



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